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Brief of Mongolia

Official name of the country: Mongolia
Capital city: Ulaanbaatar, founded in 1639, over 1 mln inhabitants (2007) Territory: 1,566,500 sq.km

History of Mongolia

Archaeological evidence places early Stone Age human habitation in the southern Gobi between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago. By the first millennium B.C.,  

How to get Mongolian Visa? Mongolian embassies

Visa is required for all, except citizens of the following countries. Visas are available from the Mongolian embassy in
your country.

How to go Mongolia

By Air:MIAT (Mongolian Airlines), Air China, Korean Air, Turkish Air and Aeroflot (Russian Airline)

Mongolia Weather, climate and geograph

Mongolias climate is continental and extreme. With more than two hundred days of full sun per year it has been given the nickname of the Country of Blue Skies 

Culture and lifestyle

Mongolian culture has many distinctive features. They are closely connected with the life style. From ancient times on, Mongolian have lived in the vast lands of Central Asia. 


Location: Mongolia is located in the center of the Asian continent between two large neighbors Russian Federation and China. Area: 1566500 sq. km

MONGOLIAN Health Issues and Travel insurance 

Healthcare facilities in Mongolia are poor, particularly in the countryside where facilities are run down and medicines scarce. 

Festivals and Events in MONGOLIA-2018

Mongolian Eagle festival, Mongolian Tsagaan sar-New year festival, Mongolia Naadam event, Ice festival,Horse festival 


Steppe plants from Kazakhstan grow beside Manchurian steppe flowers. More than 3000 species vascular plants, 927 lichens, 437 mosses, 875 fungi, and numerous algae have been recorded. Many other species, however... 


Rates: Free of charge: Booking, Payment: Cancellation periods: Confirmation: Confirmation: Guide: Changes to the Itinerary:Responsibility...

Description: http://www.nomadmongolia.com/icon_16x_31.png Brief of Mongolia

Official name of the country: Mongolia

Capital city: Ulaanbaatar, founded in 1639, over 1.5 mln inhabitants (2015)

Territory: 1,566,500 sq.km

Population: 3.1 mln  (2016)

Location: Northern Asia, between China and Russia (landlocked)

Land boundaries: 8.158 km, with Russia 3,485 km and with China 4,673 km

Average altitude: 1,580 m above sea-level

Terrain: Vast semi-desert and desert plains, mountains in west and south-west, Gobi Desert in south-east

Natural resources: Mongolia has one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes - Hovsgol and river system. 75.1 percent of territory - pasture land and 8.0 percent - forest. Vegetation cover - 2260 species of vascular plants united in 596 genera and 104 families. Fauna - 127 species of mammals, 360 species of birds and 70 species of fishes.

Climate: Sharp continental, marked by four seasons. Average summer temperature +17'C, average winter temperature -26'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. The cold winter season lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June is cool and windy. Summer from July through to September with occasional rain is the best season for travel and outdoor activities. Autumn months are cool but sunny.

Language: Mongolian

Religion: Buddhism 85% and Christian11% Muslim 4%

Education: Literacy rate 89.5%. Education system consists of pre-school education (kindergarten), general education (primary school 1-6, incomplete secondary school 1-8, complete secondary school 1-10), and professional education (universities). Pre-school and general education is free.

Culture: The oral tradition of folklore includes myth, fables, legends, sayings and proverbs, song lyrics and poetry, especially the epic, the poetry of praise and good wishes. The history of written literature is now known to date from the XIII century and its first creation was "Mongolyn Nuuts Tovchoo" (Secret History of the Mongols) written in 1240 and published in 1382 main theme of which is the unification of separate Mongol tribes by Chinggis Khaan under the banner of a single state. An invariable lively response is evoked in many countries around the world by Mongolian painting and handicraft, and by performance by Mongolian circus acrobats, singers and dancers.

Political system: Mongolia is a parliamentary republic.

Head of the State: President elected for four years.

Legislature: State Great Hural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years.

Judicial system: Mongolian judicial system consists of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, aimag and capital city courts, somon and district courts.

State structure: Mongolia is a unitary state. Territory of Mongolia is divided administratively into aimags (23) and the capital city; aimags are subdivided into somons; somons into bags; and the capital city into districts; districts into khoroos.

National currency: Togrog (Tg), Tg 2430= US$1, (2018.02)

Fiscal year: January 1 - December 31

Main ports: Chingis khaan international airport in Ulaanbaatar city, Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)

Air links: Moscow, Irkutsk (Russia), Berlin, Frankfurt (Germany), Paris (France), Istanbul (Turkey), Beijing, Erlian, Huhhot, Hongkong, Shanghai, Hailar (China), Bangkok (Thailand), Seoul (Republic of Korea) and Tokyo & Osaka (Japan).

Rail links: Ulan-Ude, Irkutsk, Moscow (Russia) and Huhhot & Beijing (China)

Sea access: Tianjin/China (1.344 km) and Nakhodka/Russia (4.037 km)

Public holidays: December 31- January 1 - New Year; around January/February - Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar), June 1 - Mother and Child day, July 11-13 - National Holiday (Naadam)

Time: Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time

Working hours: - 09.00-13.00 and 14.00-18.00

Communication: Country code - 976, area code for Ulaanbaatar - 11

Electric current: 220 volts/50 HZ

Weight and measures: Metric System

Description: http://www.nomadmongolia.com/icon_16x_31.png History of Mongolia

Mongols before Genghis khan
Archaeological evidence places early Stone Age human habitation in the southern Gobi between 100,000 and 200,000 years ago. By the first millennium B.C., bronze-working peoples lived in Mongolia. With the appearance of iron weapons by the third century B.C., the inhabitants of Mongolia had begun to form tribal alliances and to threaten China. The origins of more modern inhabitants are found among the forest hunters and nomadic tribes of Inner Asia. They inhabited a great arc of land extending generally from the Korean Peninsula in the east, across the northern tier of China to present-day Kazakhstan and to the Pamir Mountains and Lake Balkhash in the west. During most of recorded history, this has been an area of constant ferment from which emerged numerous migrations and invasions to the southeast (into China), to the southwest (into Transoxiana--modern Uzbekistan, Iran, and India), and to the west (across Scythia toward Europe). By the eighth century B.C., the inhabitants of much of this region evidently were nomadic Indo-European speakers, either Scythians or their kin. Also scattered throughout the area were many other tribes that were primarily Mongol in their ethnologic characteristics.

Khamag Mongol Empire
Around the 12th centuries, there were various tribes lived in Mongolia. In 1206 after Temuujin established the first united Mongolian state, he was given the title “Chinggis Khaan”. Chinggis Khaan is legendary king who had conquered “the half of the world”. He stretched his land from Baikal Lake in north, to the Great Wall of China in the south, and from Mount Hyangan in the east, to the Altai Mountains in the west. Mongolians built many cities in 13th century and one of them is Khar Khorin which was the capital city of Mongolian empire.

The Manchu period

The Hamnigan, who established the Manchu dynasty gained power in the 12th century and conquered Mongolia in 1775 after their conquering China and Inner Mongolia. Thus Mongolia became colony of Manchu’s and lost its independence for 200 years. Buddhism was main religion in this period. Many sutras (Tibetan holly books) were translated into Mongolian and hundreds of Monasteries and temples were built.

Mongolia in 20th century

As the result of the Mongolian People’s revolution in 1921, Mongolia was released from Manchu colonization. It was dark years under the oppression of Manchu that had made Mongolia left behind world development. Socialism – the great civilization started with support of Soviet Union. Therefore the great building work had started. Secondary schools, heavy industries, power plants, telephone stations and telegraph lines have been built. A number of people increased who settled in main cities such as Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, Erdenet and Dornod. Russia’s influence was strong through these years.

Modern Mongolia

In 1990’s, Mongolia transferred to Free Market economy and Democracy, and set the goal of building “democratic human socialism” based on a multi-party democracy. In January 1992, a new constitution was established. The first President of Mongolia was elected by public election in 1993, which was very new to the people that they actually had the opportunity to choose their own leader. The president is elected for a four year term. The Mongolian first president was P.Ochirbat. Also, Mongolia elects the Parliament on national level. The State Great Assembly (Ulsyn Ikh Khural), the parliament has 76 members, elected for a four year term in single-seat constituencies.

Description: http://www.nomadmongolia.com/ca50392e8a3a448d91bedde070d729031.jpgHow to get Mongolian visa?

Visa is required for all, except citizens of the following countries. Visas are available from the Mongolian embassy in your country. If there is no Mongolia embassy in your country, one month visas can be obtained on the spot once you arrive at the airport or railway station. There will also be a visa fee of $53US. We will supply an official confirmation letter (by email or post) for your visa application once you book a travel service with us.

Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Kazakhstan, Macao,USA –no need a visa for a visit not exceeding three months

German, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Russia,Turkey - no need a visa for a visit not exceeding one month

Philippines - no need a visa for a visit not exceeding three weeks

Singapore ,Hong Kong- no need a visa for a visit not exceeding two weeks

People's Republic of China, Vietnam, Bulgaria, Thailand, Romania and Chile –who has diplomatic or official passport -no need a visa for a visit

Laos, Yugoslavia, Czech, Slovak, Mexico -who has diplomatic or official passport -no need a visa for a visit not exceeding three months

Hungary, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Korea - who has diplomatic or official passport -no need a visa for a visit not exceeding three month

India –needs Mongolian visa without visa fee

Cuba –no need a visa for a visit not exceeding one month Mongolian visas are issued by Mongolian Diplomatic Missions abroad or upon arrival at a special request. The Mongolian Embassies Abroad list

Or, for tourists wishing to stay over 30 days up to 90 days, a letter of invitation from a travel agency of Mongolia. Please let us know if you need a letter of invitation.

Or, if you are traveling on a personal invitation of a citizen of Mongolia, an invitation approved by the Office of Immigration, Naturalization and Foreign Citizens of Mongolia, and applicant's written statement concerning his/her financial credibility to cover his/her stay in Mongolia.

Or, for those passing Mongolia in transit, onward ticket and visa for next destination are required.

Single entry-exit visa-USD50: for urgent service (within a working day) US$50; this kind of Visa is valid for three months from the date of issuing.

Multiple entry-exit visa valid for six months - US$65; for urgent service (within a working day) US$130,

Multiple entry-exit visa valid for one year - US$13 - US$130; for urgent service (within a working day) US$ 26

Visa extension valid for one week - US$15; for urgent service (within a working day) US$30; US$2 per a day exceeding a week.

Useful links:

Ministry of Foreign affairs Trade, Mongolia: http://www.mfat.gov.mn/en.html

Mongolia Immigration Agency: http://www.immigration.gov.mn/?vlang=mn 

Consular service of Mongolia: http://www.consuls.net

Description: http://www.nomadmongolia.com/ministry-of-foreign-affairs-mongolia1.jpg LIST OF MONGOLIAN EMBASSIES

Botschaft der Mongolei
Fasangartengasse 45
1130, Vienna Austria
Phone: 0043-1-535 3013, 0043-1-535 2807
Fax: 0043-1-535 3016
Email: office@embassymon.at

21-4 Kamiyama Cho Shibuya Ku
Tokyo 150-0047, Japan 
Phone: 0081-03-34-69-2088, 34-69-2162
Fax: 0081-03-34-69-2216

BELGIUM (Brussels)
Avenue Besme 18, 1190
Brussels, Belgium
Phone: +32-2-3446974
Fax: +32-2-3443215
Email: brussels.mn.embassy@telenet.be

G.AlmatyUl.Aubakerova 1/1
Phone: 007-3272-200865
Fax: 007-3272-293259
Email: monkazel@kazmail.asdc.kz

Sophia 1113, Ul.,
Frederic Jolio Curie 52
Phone: 00359-2-665929, 00359-2-659012
Fax: 00359-2-9630745
Email: mongemb@mbox.infotel.bg

NEW ZEALAND (Wellington)
86 Kings Crescent, Lower Hutt, Wellington 5010
Phone: (04) 569 2788 / (021) 464 460
Fax: (04) 566 6293
Email: mongolianconsulate.nz@alpega.com

CANADA (Ottawa)
151 Slater Street, Suite 503,
Ottawa, Ontario, K1P 5H3
Phone: (613) 569-3830, 001-(613) 569-2623
Fax: 001-(613) 569-3916
Web Site: http://www.mongolembassy.org/
Email: mail@mongolembassy.org

POLAND (Warsaw)
AmbasadaMongolii 00478 Warszawa,
Polska , ul.Rejtana 15 m.16
Phone: 0048-22-8499391
Fax: 0048-22-8499391
Web Site: http://www.ambmong.net7.pl
Email: mongamb@ikp.atm.com.pl

CHINA (Beijing)
No 2, XiushuiBeijieJianGuo Men
Wai Da Jie, Beijing, China
Phone: 0086-10-6532-1810, 65321203
Fax: 0086-10-6532-5045
Email: monembbj@public3.bta.net.cn

RUSSIA (Moscow)
Moscow 121069, Ul.
Borisoglebsky, Per. 11
Phone: 007-095-290-6792, 007-095-244-7867 (Consul)
Fax: 007-095-291-4636
Email: mongolia@online.ru

CUBA (Havana)
Mongolian ECalle 66 No 505, Esguina
a 5 ta-A, Miramar Havana, Cuba
Phone: 0053-7-2042763
Fax: 0053-7-2040639
Email: monelch@ceniai.inf.cu

33-5 Hannam-Dong,
Yongsan-gu, Seoul, ROK
Phone: 0082-2-7983464 
Fax: 0082-2-7947605
Web Site: http://www.mongolembassy.com/
Email: mongol5@kornet.net

CZECH Republic (Prague)
Na Marne 5,Praha-6, 160000
Phone: 00420-2-24311198
Fax: 00420-2-24314827
Email: monemb@bohem-net.cz

SYRIA (Damascus)
P O Box. 31949, Damascus, Syria
Phone: 00963 956246000 - 0949246000
Fax: 00963 112761510
Web Site: http://www.mohoco.net
Email: consul@mohoco.net, lama@mawla.org

EGYPT (Cairo)
No.14, Str 152, Maadi
Phone: 202-359-1670 
Fax: 202-358-6012
Email: monemby@link.net

THAILAND (Bangkok)
100/3 SoiEkkamai 22,
Sukhumvit 63 Road, Klongton-Nua,
Wattana Bangkok 10110, Thailand
Phone: 0-2381-1400, 02-392-1011
Fax: 0-2392-4199
Email: mongemb@loxinfo.co.th

FRANCE (Paris)
5, Avenue Robert Schuman, 92100
Boulogne-Billancourt, Paris, France
Phone: 0033-1-46052318, 0033-1-46052812
Fax: 0033-1-46053016
Email: esyam@ambassademongolie.fr

TURKEY (Ankara)
Koza Sokak-109, G.O.P.,
Ankara 06700 Turkey
Phone: 0090-312-4467977
Fax: 0090-312-4467791
Email: mogolelc@ttnet.net.tr

GERMANY (Berlin)
Botschaft der Mongolei, Dietzgen
Str.31 13156 Berlin, Germany
Phone: +49 (30) 474 80 60
Fax: +49 (30) 474 80 616
Email: mongolbot@aol.com

7 Kensington Court,
London W8 5DL, United Kingdom
Phone: +44 (0) 20 7937 0150
Fax: +44 (0) 20 7937 1117
Web Site: http://www.embassyofmongolia.co.uk/
Email: office@embassyofmongolia.co.uk

HUNGARY (Budapest)
Mongol NagyovetsegeBogar
Utica 14/c, Budapest,
Hungary 1022
Phone: 0036-1-2124579
Fax: 0036-1-2125731
Email: mnk@mail.datanet.hu

USA (Washington D.C)
2833 M street, N.W.
Washington D.C.20007, USA
Phone: 001-202-333-7117
Fax: 001-202-298-9227
Web Site: http://www.mongolianembassy.us/
Email: esyam@mongolianembassy.us

INDIA (New Delhi)
34, Archbishop MakariousMarg,
New Delhi 110003, India
Phone: 0091-11-4631728, 4717989
Fax: 0091-11-4633240
Email: mongemb@vsnl.net

Van Phuc Diplomatic Quarter
Villa 6 Hanoi, Vietnam 
Phone: 0084-4-38453009
Fax: 0084-4-38454954
Web Site: http://http://mongembhanoi.com/
Email: hanoi@mfat.gov.mn





Winter tours


Hotel Book


Tour events


Tourist camps


City Tour


Mongolian Foods






Car Rental



Summer Tours

Optional tours

Winter tours

Horse Riding


S.I.T Tours


Tent Tours

Gobi desert

 UNESCO  World Heritage

Train Tours

Central tours

Hot spring


Naadam festival

Terelj Tours


Maration tours


Birdwatching      tours

Fishing tour


Guest house     Tours