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Kharakhorin (Kharakorum)

Once the Kharkhorin was the capital city of the Great Mongol Empire under the name Kharakhorum. In 1220, Chinggis Khaan founded Kharakhorum city on the bank of the Orkhon river (present location of Kharkhorin village) , and the city was developed as the capital city of the Great Mongol Empire during Ogedei Khan’s reign. As the vast empire connected east and west, Kharakhorum was one of the most important cities in the history of world trade holding an intense impact on the Silk Road.
Kharkhorin was the capital city of Great Mongolia Empire in thirteenth century. It is located on the right bank of Orkhon river, 400 km south-west of Ulaanbaatar which is the current capital of Mongolia. All around this stronghold, craftsmen's and traders' quarters and other houses were gradually built, until, by about 1230, the area had taken on the appearance of a town.
The city had a surrounding wall with four stone turtles which two of them still exist witnessing centuries’ history and centuries’ ahead. The stone turtles used to symbolise longevity and solidarity of the city. The Great Mongol Empire was governed from Kharakhorum city until Khubilai Khan settled the capital in Beijing.
Back in the 13th century, Kharkhorin was constructed as a capital city which attracted traders, dignitaries and skilled workers from across Asia and even Europe.


ERDENE ZUU MONASTERY
In 1380, Kharkhorin was destroyed. But approximately two centuries later, on the same site, there arose the yurt of Avtai Khan, founder of the Erdene Zuu Monastery. The great circular platform which form its base is still visible today. The monastery of Erdene Zuu is a focal point in the history and culture of the Mongol people.
Another golden era of the region began in the summer of 1856, as the Erdene Zuu Monastery was built on the ruin of Kharakhorum city. By 1872 the monastery contained over 500 buildings including 62 temples and housed 1500 monks. Unfortunately, the majority of the temples and other buildings were destroyed during the political repression in the 1930s, as it happened to monasteries throughout Mongolia.
All but three of the temples in Erdene Zuu were destroyed during the purges and an unknown number of monks were either killed or sent to Siberian gulags. A surprising number of statues, tsam masks and thangkas were saved, however – possibly with the help of a few sympathetic military officers. The items were buried in nearby mountains, or stored in local homes (at great risk to the residents).
Besides paintings, ornaments and embroideries dating from the fifteenth to the seventeenth centuries, it houses a whole library of rare manuscripts and wood-block printed editions. Here, too, are preserved the works of the seventeenth-century painter and sculptor Zanabazar, great illustrator of the Buddhist canon and one of the first Mongol artists to have attained universal stature.


KHARAKHORIM MAP


KHARAKHORUM MUSEUM
The Kharakhorum Museum was constructed at the Kharakhorum City Ruins located on the west bank of the Orkhon Valley in Mongolia with the support of the Government of Japan.

The area around the Kharakhorum Museum is registered as a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage "Cultural Landscape of the Orkhon Valley".
The permanent exhibition at the Kharakhorum Museum consists of four parts: the Stone Age, the Bronze Age, the Ancient City Period, and the Mongol Empire Period, so that you can understand the history of the establishment of the Mongol Empire step by step. At the entrance, a model that reproduces the capital of the Mongol Empire, Kharkhorin, is also on display. In addition to Mongolian and English, the explanation plate has Japanese notation.
Thus, with its aims as to preserve and promote historic and cultural artifacts that relate to the World Heritage - Orkhon Valley Cultural Landscape and the ancient capital of Karakorum, the Kharakhorum Museum was established in 2010 with non-refundable aid from the Government of Japan. As of today, a total of 3,128 artifacts have been registered in the collection of the Kharakhorum Museum, of which over 80 percent is taken by various archeological findings.


KHARAKHORIN TOURS

Tour Code: GZG-1017 Visit World Heritage Kharkhorin, Ger 2 days 1 nights tour in Mongolia

Visit the ancient capital Kharkhorin · Camel riding at Burd National Park 1 night 2 days course with private car, accompanying English speaking guide







Day 1

Leave a hotel in Ulaanbaatar city in the morning drive to the ancient capital Kharkhorin by car. On the way, have lunch on the prairie. A road that runs on the vast grassland as far as see. Prairie drive while enjoying nature. Visit nomadic ger and enjoy interaction with locals. After lunch, drive to Kharkhorin. Please enjoy the sky full of stars (it may not be available depending on the weather)

Overnight at ger camp.

Day 2

After breakfast, move to the ancient capital Kharkhorin ruins of the Mongol empire built by the 2nd Emperor Ogodai Khan. In the former capital once became the center of the world, now it's the Erdenezuu temple surrounded by 108 pagodas.After visiting the Kharkhorin museum, return to Ulaanbaatar by private car. Camel ride experience on the way. 30 minutes

Arrive at hotel.Thank you for choosing this tour.

Meals

Breakfast: ○

Lunch: ○○

Dinner:○

Tour code: GZG-1017

1Pax:440USD

2Pax:310USD

3Pax:255USD

* The above process and time may be subject to change at the site due to the weather on the day and the congestion situation of the road. In that case, please acknowledge and acknowledge it beforehand so as to follow the instructions of the local staff.

※ When meals are to be a box lunch, hotel / restaurant / ger may change respectively.


Tour code: GZG-1015 Burd of nature's beautiful prairie, World heritage Kharhorin tour, Ger 2 nights 3 days

Visit ancient capital Kharkhorum · Horse riding in Burd National Park 2 night 3 day course with private car, accompanying English speaking guide






Day 1

Leave Ulaanbaatar city in the morning.To the Burd which is the gateway to the ancient capital Kharkhorin by car. On the way, lunch time on the prairie. A road that runs on the vast grassland as far as you can see. Prairie drive while enjoying nature. 
Visit nomadic gers and enjoye interaction with the local people after arriving at 'Bayangobi tourist camp', where the sand dunes with contrast with the grassland called Elsen tasarkhai (sand enclave) spread out in front of the eyes . Please enjoy the sky full of stars after dinner (it may not be available depending on the weather)

Overnight at ger camp.





Day 2

After breakfast, move to the ancient capital Karakorum ruins of the Mongol empire built by the 2nd Emperor Ogodai khaan. In the former capital of the capital once became the center of the world, there is now the Erdene zuu temple surrounded by 108 pagodas.Also go to see a turtle stone of granite (turtle).Then return to Burd by private car.

After lunch,take a horse riding lesson (explanation) from a nomad (an instructor) with a horse. After that, start of horse riding based on tourist camp. A guide and a nomad will accompany.Then, we will have a camel ride experience.

Overnight at ger camp.

Day 3

After breakfast, head to Ulaanbaatar. / For 4 hours /
Arrive at city hotel, thank you for choosing this tour.

Meals

Breakfast: ○○

Lunch: ○○

Dinner: ○○

Tour code: GZG-1015

1Pax:540USD

2Pax:410USD

3Pax:360USD

* The above process and time may be subject to change at the site due to the weather on the day and the congestion situation of the road. In that case, please acknowledge and acknowledge it beforehand so as to follow the instructions of the local staff.

※ When meals are to be a box lunch, hotel / restaurant / ger may change respectively.


Tour code: GZG-1024 Nomadic homestay ger 2 nights 3 days in Mongolia

Nomadic homestay and horseback riding on the Mongolian steppes, unlimited riding and riding beginners are also available!! English speaking guide.




Day 1

In the morning, guide will meet you at the local hotel at 09:00. Drive to the nomadic ger who lives in Burd in the prairie.Enjoy your car trip. About 4 hours.
After arriving at Ger, homestay will start with introducing you to the family. Change to Mongolian costume Deel, help with household chores, learn how to make dairy products, etc. Horseback riding experience with nomads.Caring for livestock.Tasting dairy products such as yogurt, butter, cheese, horse milk liquor, and traditional Mongolian meal with nomads.You can also enjoy traditional Mongolian dishes for dinner.
At night, you can enjoy the starry sky.

Overnight at 【Nomad's Ger 】


Day 2

After breakfast, It starts with milking in the morning, feeding, grazing, horse chasing ... and lots of things to do.Morning: Horse riding experience on the meadow with nomads.Afternoon: Camel ride experience in the nearby sand dunes.

※ You can optionally participate in the Caracolum archeological tour.

Overnight at 【Nomad's Ger 】

Day 3

In the morning drive to Ulaanbaatar. Arrive at the hotel. Thank you for choosing this tour.

Meals

Breakfast:○○

Lunch: ○○

Dinner: ○○

Tour code: GZG-2008

1 pax:$ 480

2 pax:$ 350

3pax: $ 300

※ The above process and time may be changed locally due to the weather on the day and the congestion of the road.In that case, please be aware and follow the instructions of the local staff.
※ Riding is unlimited.
※ Based on the schedule of this tour, you can arrange to extend your stay or add places to visit.Please feel free to contact us.


Tour code: GZG-1026 Natural spa to Tsenkher.Horse riding experience · Ger 2 nights 3 days NEW !!! 

Staying in tsenkher: Natural hot spring · Horse riding trekking 3 nights course 2 nights



Day 1

In the morning, drive to the Tsenkher hot spring by private car. Go to see the ancient capital Karakorum ruins of the Mongol empire built by the second generation emperor Ogodai Khan on the way "about 5-6 hours". In the former capital of the capital once became the center of the world, there is now the Erdene Zuu temple surrounded by 108 pagodas. After visiting the Kharkhorin Museum, head to Tsenkher by private car. After arrival, free time. Please enjoy the hot spring in the meadow. 
Overnight at tourist ger camp.



Day 2

After breakfast, experience horse riding in the prairie with the nomads based on the campground. On the way, visit the nomadic ger. Please enjoy nomadic handmade cheese and horse milk etc. according to the season. 
Overnight at tourist ger camp.

Day 3

After breakfast, head to Ulaanbaatar. Camel ride experience on the way. Arrive at the hotel, thank you for choosing this tour..

Meals

Breakfast: ○○

Lunch: ○○

Dinner: ○○

Tour code: GZG-1026

1Pax:600USD

2Pax:480USD

3Pax:460USD

* The above process and time may be subject to change at the site due to the weather on the day and the congestion situation of the road. In that case, please acknowledge and acknowledge it beforehand so as to follow the instructions of the local staff.

※ When meals are to be a box lunch, hotel / restaurant / ger may change respectively.

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